Learn to Speak English Easily: Use of ‘have’ and ‘has’

Learn to speak English fluently using TLP Spoken English Course. The course is designed to facilitate self-learning in an easy way. It is organised into units to help you learn step by step in a simple and systematic way. You should go through all the units to be able to speak fluently. To know more you can read: How to Use the Course Content?

 

In the previous unit you have learnt Questions using ‘were’. In this unit you will learn the “Use of ‘have‘ and ‘has‘”.

We use ‘have’ and ‘has’ to talk about the present. With ‘have’ we use ‘I’, ‘you’, ‘we’ and ‘they’.  We use ‘has’ with ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’ and also when we refer to a person. In informal usage, we can use ‘have got’ or ‘has got’ in place of ‘have’ or ‘has’.

Use of ‘have’

We use ‘have‘ —

  • To talk about possession, like one’s property or something which is with a person or persons.

I have a smart phone.
You have a lot of books.
We have an own house.
They have a big car.
John and Smith have a boat.

  • To talk about something ‘what one holds in a relationship’.

I have a brother.
You have a grandfather.
We have many relatives in Delhi.
They have many children.

  • To talk about anything which means ‘as a part’.

I have five fingers.
You have long hair.
They have sharp nails. 

  • To talk about actions related to ‘eating’ or ‘drinking’.

I have a cup of tea every morning.
You have too much coffee everyday.
We have an early lunch on Sundays.
They have breakfast at 8 o’clock.

  • To talk about an experience.

I have a tough time in office.
You have a great time every Christmas.
We have fun playing games.
They/Many people have a difficult time commuting everyday.

  • To talk about any kind of illness.

I have a headache.
You have a bad cold.
We have conjectivitis.
My daughter has fever.

  • To talk about an action just over in the present perfect tense.

I have seen the film.
You have done a good job.
They have bought a new car.

Exercise

Write more sentences using the examples, which you can use in your day-to-day conversation and practice orally.

Use of ‘has’

We use ‘has‘ also in a similar way referring to one person or a thing or an animal.

Shashank/He has a laptop.
Mary/She has a gold chain.
The dog/It has a collar.

He has a cousin in US.
She has two daughters.
It/The dog has many puppies.I have five fingers.

He has six fingers.
The house has two bedrooms.
The monkey has a long tail.
The flower has five parts.

He has butter milk after every meal.
Arnold has a pizza every weekend.
Ninja/Our dog has chicken on special occassions. 
The cat/It has milk every day.

She has a good time with her friends.
Imran always has a stressful time in office.
The cop has a horrowing experience. 

My daughter has fever.
She has a cough.
Radha has arthritis.

He has joined the university.
She has played a great match.
Meghna has sung a song.

Exercise

Write more sentences using the examples, which you can use in your day-to-day conversation and practice orally.

Positive and Negative Contracted forms with ‘have’ and ‘has’

Positive Form Negative Form Negative Contracted Form.
have have not haven’t
has has not hasn’t

Positive Contracted and Negative Contracted Forms of ‘have’ and ‘has’

Positive Form Positive Contracted Form Negative Contracted Form
  I have
  You have
  We have
  They have
  He has
  She has
  It has
  I’ve
  You’ve
  We’ve
  They’ve
  He’s
  She’s
  —— 
  I haven’t
  You haven’t
  We haven’t
  They haven’t
  He hasn’t 
  She hasn’t
  It hasn’t

To make negative sentences we use “haven’t” or “don’t have”; “hasn’t” or “doesn’t have”.

I have a job.
I haven’t a job.
I don’t have a job.

You have an own house.
You haven’t an own house.
You don’t have an own house.

We have many relatives.
We haven’t many relatives in Hyderabad.
We don’t have many relatives in Hyderabad.

They have proper clothes.
They haven’t proper clothes.
They don’t have proper clothes.

He has a car.
He hasn’t a car.
He doesn’t have a car.

She has many friends.
She hasn’t many friends.
She doesn’t have many friends.

It has sharp teeth.
It hasn’t sharp teeth.
It doesn’t have sharp teeth.

Previous: Questions using ‘were’

 

Next: Use of ‘have to and ‘has to’

 

You can check the meanings of the words in English Oxford Living Dictionaries