Learn to Speak English Fluently: Irregular Verbs

Learn to speak English fluently using TLP Spoken English Course. The course is designed to facilitate self-learning in an easy way. It is organised into units to help you learn step by step in a simple and systematic way. You should go through all the units to be able to speak fluently. To know more you can read: How to Use the Course Content? In the previous unit you have learnt the Use of ‘a’, ‘an’ and ‘the’ and in this unit you will learn about ‘Irregular Verbs‘ and their three different forms.

Irregular and Regular Verbs

We use a verb to express any kind of action or talk about possession. There are two kinds of verbs–Irregular and Regular. Irregular Verbs are also called Strong Verbs and Regular Verbs as Weak Verbs. Both Regular and Irregular Verbs have three forms–Present (base form), Past and Past Participle. In most of the Irregular Verbs the three forms are different. For example the three forms of the Irregular Verb, ‘begin’ are: ‘begin, began and begun’.

For a Regular Verb, the second and third forms are the same. The three forms of the Regular Verb, ‘count’ are ‘count, counted and counted’. To form the past tense of a Regular Verb, which is ending with a vowel ‘a, e, i, o, u’, one must add ‘d’ to it. For example the past tense form of ‘agree’ becomes ‘agreed’. The past tense and past participle form of such verbs is the same (Ex.: agree, agreed, agreed). If the regular verb ends with a consonant add ‘ed’ to form the past tense or the past participle. (Ex.: ‘boil, boiled, boiled’). There are some exceptions. Verbs ending in ‘y’ change into ‘ied’ (Ex. carry, carried, carried). With some verbs like ‘permit’, we add the last letter along with ‘ed’ (Ex. permit, permitted, permitted).

Below is the list of the three forms of the Irregular (strong) Verbs. You should be thorough with the three different forms of the Irregular Verbs, which are used in different tenses. You can understand how the different forms are used from the following example.

I awake at five o’clock every morning.
He awoke me at five o’clock in the morning.
He has awakened me at five o’clock in the morning.

List of Irregular (strong) Verbs

PRESENT                 PAST                        PAST PARTICIPLE
awake                        awoke                             awakened
be (is, are)                was/were                      been
become                     became                          become
begin                          began                              begun
bend                           bent                                 bent
bid                               bade                                bidden
bite                              bit                                     bitten
blow                            blew                                 blown
break                          broke                               broken
bring                           brought                          brought
burst                            burst                                burst
buy                               bought                            bought
build                            built                                  built
can                               could                                could
catch                           caught                             caught
choose                       chose                               chosen
come                          came                                come
cost                             cost                                  cost
creep                          crept                                crept
cut                               cut                                    cut
dig                               dug                                   dug
do                                did                                    done
drag                            dragged                          dragged
draw                           drew                                drawn
drink                          drank                               drunk
drive                          drove                               driven
eat                              ate                                    eaten
fall                              fell                                    fallen
feel                             felt                                    felt
fight                           fought                             fought
find`                         found                              found
fly                               flew                                  flown
forget                        forgot                              forgotten
forgive                      forgave                           forgiven
freeze                       froze                                frozen
get                             got                                    gotten, got
give                           gave                                 given
go                              went                                gone
grow                        grew                                grown
hang (a picture)  hung                                hung
have                         had                                   had
hear                          heard                               heard
hide                          hid                                    hidden
hold                          held                                  held
hurt                           hurt                                  hurt
keep                          kept                                 kept
know                        knew                               known
lead                           led                                    led
learn                         learned,                         learned,
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXlearnt                              learnt
leave                         left                                    left
lend                           lent                                   lent
light                           lit                                       lit
lose                            lost                                   lost
make                         made                               made
mean                         meant                             meant
meet                          met                                  met
pay                             paid                                  paid
read                           read                                 read
ride                            rode                                 ridden
ring                            rang                                  rung
rise                             rose                                  risen
run                             ran                                    run
say                             said                                   said
see                             saw                                   seen
sell                             sold                                  sold
send                          sent                                  sent
set                              set                                    set
shake                        shook                              shaken
shoot                        shot                                  shot
show                         showed                          shown
shrink                       shrank                             shrunk
sing                            sang                                 sung
sink                            sank                                 sunk
sit                                sat                                     sat
sleep                          slept                                 slept
speak                         spoke                              spoken
spend                        spent                               spent
spin                            spun                                 spun
stand                          stood                               stood
steal                            stole                                 stolen
strike                           struck                              struck
swim                           swam                               swum
swing                          swung                             swung
take                             took                                 taken
teach                          taught                             taught
tear                             tore                                  torn
tell                               told                                   told
think                           thought                          thought
throw                         threw                              thrown
understand             understood                   understood
wear                           wore                                worn
win                              won                                  won
write                           wrote                              written

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Check the meanings of the words in English Oxford Living Dictionaries