We use ‘is’ with ‘this’, and ‘that’ to talk about a person or a thing in the present. We use ‘is’ with ‘this’ to talk about a person or thing near us; ‘is’ with ‘that’ to talk about a person or thing away from us.

Use of ‘is’ with ‘this’

  • To introduce oneself over the phone or in person.

This is …………… (you can mention your name)

This is …………… (you can mention your name) speaking.

  • To introduce a person.

This is Mohan/Sheela.

This is my niece.

This is my friend, Srinivas.

  • To refer to a thing, a place or an animal near us.

This is a laptop.

This is an institute.

This is a crocodile.

  • To express an opinion.

This is wonderful.

This place is marvelous.

This is interesting.

Use of ‘is’ with ‘that’

  • To talk about a person away from us.

That is Javed/Julie.

That is our uncle, John.

That is my mother in the car.

  • To talk about a thing, a place or an animal away from us.

That is Raju’s car.

That is our house.

That is a kangaroo.

  • To express an opinion.

That is good.

That is awesome.

That is great.

123
  This/That      is  Radha. My sister.
a laptop. a guitar.
a monkey.
an elephant.

You can make sentences using the above table, and also by substituting words from the following list or such other suitable words in column 3.

tab                         vase                       charger                 oven                      mosque               temple

monument         beautiful             insect                    drum stick           spinach                coriander

Exercise: Write more sentences using the examples, which you can use in your day-to-day conversation and practice orally.

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