How to Use ‘have’ and ‘has’

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In the previous unit you have learnt Questions using ‘were’. In this unit you will learn the “Use of ‘have‘ and ‘has‘”.

We use ‘have’ and ‘has’ to talk about the present. With ‘have’ we use ‘I’, ‘you’, ‘we’ and ‘they’.  We use ‘has’ with ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’ and also when we refer to a person by name. In informal usage, we can use ‘have got’ or ‘has got’ in place of ‘have’ or ‘has’.

Use of ‘have’

We use ‘have‘ —

  • To talk about possession, like one’s property or something which is with a person or persons.

I have a smart phone.
You have a lot of books.
We have an own house.
They have a big car.
John and Smith/They have a boat.

  • To talk about something ‘what one holds in a relationship’.

I have a brother.
You have a grandfather.
We have many relatives in Delhi.
They have many children.

  • To talk about anything which means ‘as a part’.

I have five fingers.
You have long hair.
We all have two hands.
They have sharp nails. 

  • To talk about actions related to ‘eating’ or ‘drinking’.

I have a cup of tea every morning.
You have too much coffee everyday.
We have an early lunch on Sundays.
They have breakfast at 8 o’clock daily.

  • To talk about an experience.

I have a tough time in office.
You have a great time every Christmas.
We have fun playing games.
They have a difficult time commuting everyday.

  • To talk about any kind of illness.

I have a headache.
You have a bad cold.
We have conjectivitis.
My daughter has fever.

  • To talk about an action just over in the present perfect tense.

I have seen the film.
You have done a good job.
We have finished the job.
They have bought a new car.

Exercise

Write more sentences using the examples, which you can use in your day-to-day conversation and practice orally.

Use of ‘has’

We use ‘has‘ —

  • To talk about possession, like one’s property or something which is with a person.

Shashank/He has a laptop.
Mary/She has a gold chain.
The dog/It has a collar.

  • To talk about something ‘what one holds in a relationship’.

He has a cousin in US.
She has two daughters.
It/The dog has many puppies.

  • To talk about anything which means ‘as a part’.

He has six fingers.
The house has two bedrooms.
The monkey has a long tail.
The flower has five parts.

  • To talk about actions related to ‘eating’ or ‘drinking’.

He has buttermilk after every meal.
Arnold has a pizza every weekend.
Ninja/Our dog has chicken on special occassions. 
The cat/It has milk every day.

  • To talk about an experience.

She has a good time with her friends every weekend.
Imran always has a stressful time in office.
The cop has a horrowing experience chasing the thieves. 

  • To talk about any kind of illness.

Elizabeth has viral fever.
She has a bad cough.
Radha has arthritis.

  • To talk about an action just over in the present perfect tense.

He has joined the university.
She has played a great match.
Meghna has sung a song.

Exercise

Write more sentences using the examples, which you can use in your day-to-day conversation and practice orally.

Positive, Negative and Negative Contracted forms of ‘have’ and ‘has’

Positive Form Negative Form Negative Contracted Form.
have have not haven’t
has has not hasn’t

Positive, Positive Contracted and Negative Contracted Forms of ‘have’ and ‘has’

Positive Form Positive Contracted Form Negative Contracted Form
  I have
  You have
  We have
  They have
  He has
  She has
  It has
  I’ve
  You’ve
  We’ve
  They’ve
  He’s
  She’s
  —— 
  I haven’t
  You haven’t
  We haven’t
  They haven’t
  He hasn’t 
  She hasn’t
  It hasn’t
  • To make negative sentences with ‘have‘ we use “haven’t” or “don’t have”.

I have a job.
I haven’t a job.
I don’t have a job.

You have an own house.
You haven’t an own house.
You don’t have an own house.

We have many relatives in US.
We haven’t many relatives in US.
We don’t have many relatives in US.

They have appropriate clothes.
They haven’t appropriate clothes.
They don’t have appropriate clothes.

  • To make negative sentences with ‘has‘ we use “hasn’t” or “doesn’t have”.

He has a car.
He hasn’t a car.
He doesn’t have a car.

She has many friends in college.
She hasn’t many friends in college.
She doesn’t have many friends in college.

It/The cat has sharp teeth.
It/The cat hasn’t sharp teeth.
It/The cat doesn’t have sharp teeth.

Previous: Questions using ‘were’

 

Next: Using ‘have to and ‘has to’

 

You can check the meanings of the words in English Oxford Living Dictionaries