Use of ‘shall’ and ‘should’

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Learn to Speak English Fluently: Use of ‘shall’ and ‘should’

Learn to speak English fluently using TLP Spoken English Course. The course is designed to facilitate self-learning in an easy way. To know more read: How to Use the Course Content? In the previous unit you have learnt making Questions with ‘Will’ and ‘Would’ and in this unit you will learn the use of ‘shall‘ and ‘should‘.

We use ‘shall’ to talk about what we believe will happen in the future and it is used both in statements and in questions.

Use of ‘Shall’

We use ‘shall‘ —

  • With ‘I’ and ‘we’, to talk about the future .

I shall come tomorrow.
I shall ask him to come.
We shall cut the vegetables.

  • With ‘he’, ‘she’ and ‘it’, to express a promise or determination.

He shall come tomorrow.
She shall host a party tomorrow.
It shall rain tomorrow.

Use of ‘should’

Should’ is the past tense of ‘shall’ and we use it both in the present and the past. We use ‘should‘ —

  • To express duty in reference to the present.

We should respect the national flag.
You should exercise daily.
One should care for the aged.

  • To give and ask advice in reference to the present.

You should not play in the dark.
You should study well.
They should consult a doctor.

  • To seek advice in reference to the present.

What should I do now?
What course should I join?
What should I tell him?

To talk about what one should have done in the past, we use ‘should’ with  ‘have’.

I should have worked hard.
You should have stopped smoking.
We should have completed the work.

Exercise: Write more sentences based on the examples, which you can use in your day to day conversation on your own and practice orally.

Negative and Negative Contracted Forms of ‘Shall’ and ‘Should’
Positive Form Negative Form Negative Contracted Form.
shall shall not shan’t
should should not shouldn’t

 

Previous: Questions with ‘Will’ and ‘Would’

Next: Use of ‘May’ and ‘Might’

Check the meanings of the words in English Oxford Living Dictionaries