Use of ‘is’ with ‘this’, ‘that’ and ‘it’

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Learn to Speak English Fluently: Use of ‘is’ with ‘this’, ‘that’ and ‘it’

Learn to speak English fluently using TLP Spoken English Course. The course is designed to facilitate self-learning in an easy way. The course is organised into units for easy learning. Learn each unit and talk in English using what you learn. To know more read: How to Use the Course Content?

In the previous unit you have learnt to make Questions Using ‘is’ with ‘he’ and ‘she’. In this unit you will learn the use of ‘is‘ with ‘this’ and ‘that’. We use ‘is’ with ‘this’ and ‘that’ to talk about a person or a thing in reference to the present. We use ‘is’ with ‘this’ to talk about a person or a thing near us; ‘is’ with ‘that’ to talk about a person or a thing away from us.

Use of ‘is’ with ‘this’
  • To introduce oneself over the phone or in person.

This is …………… (you can mention your name)
This is …………… (you can mention your name) speaking.

  • To introduce a person.

This is Mohan/Sheela.
This is my niece.
This is my friend, Srinivas.

  • To refer to a thing, a place or an animal near us.

This is a laptop.
This is an institute.
This is a cow.

  • To express an opinion.

This is wonderful.
This place is marvelous.
This is interesting.

Use of ‘is’ with ‘that’
  • To talk about a person away from us.

That is Javed/Julie.
That is our uncle, John.
That is my mother in the car.

  • To talk about a thing, a place or an animal away from us.

That is Raju’s car.
That is our house.
That is a kangaroo.

  • To express an opinion.

That is good.
That is awesome.
That is great.

Use of ‘is’ with ‘it’
  • To refer to oneself over phone or in person and also to refer to another person.

Hello! It is me, Peter.
Hello! It is Radha.
It is Sheela.

  • To talk about a baby, an animal or a thing.

It is a baby boy.
It is a dog.
It is a guitar.

  • To talk about time and days (e.g. birthdays, anniversaries and so on).

It is evening/ It is five o’clock.
It is my birthday.
It is Independence Day.

  • To talk about a place and weather.

It is a railway station.
It is sultry.
It is quite pleasant here.

  • To express an opinion about anything.

It is a great work of art.
It is horrible.
It is awesome.
It is amazing.

We use ‘is’ with ‘here’ and ‘there’ to refer to ‘one’ in reference to the present.

Use of ‘is’ with ‘here’
  • To talk about a person near us.

Radha is here with us.
Here is Anil.
Here is my brother.

  • To talk about a thing or a place near us.

A table is here.
Your scooter is here.
My college is here.

Use of ‘is’ with ‘there’
  • To talk about a person away from us.

There is Virat near the bus stop.
Ashwin is there, waiting for the bus.
Suresh is over there.

  • To talk about a thing away from us.

There is an auto.
The newspaper is there.
There is a vase on the table.

  • To describe or to talk about a situation.

There is a hospital opposite to our house.
There is a water problem in our area.
There is a meeting in the evening.

1 2 3
This
That
It
Here
There
is a laptop.
a guitar.
a mall.
a library.
a monkey.
an elephant.

You can make sentences using the above table, and also by substituting words from the following list or other suitable words in column 3.

computer                 pen drive
camera                      zoo
airport                       lake
crocodile                  kangaroo
leopard                     cauliflower
orange                       arrot
painting                    violin
parrot                         snake

Exercise: Write more sentences using the examples, which you can use in your day-to-day conversation and practice orally.

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