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Learn to Speak English Fluently: Use of ‘have’ and ‘has’

Learn to speak English fluently using TLP Spoken English Course. The course is designed to facilitate self-learning in an easy way. The course is organised into units for easy learning. Learn each unit and talk in English using what you learn. To know more read: How to Use the Course Content? In the previous unit you have learnt Questions using ‘were’. In this unit you will learn the “Use of ‘have‘ and ‘has‘”.

We use ‘have’ and ‘has’ to talk about the present. We use ‘have’ with ‘I’, ‘you’, ‘we’ and ‘they’ and ‘has’ with ‘he’, ‘she’ and ‘it’. In informal usage, we can use ‘have got’ or ‘has got’ in place of ‘have’ or ‘has’.

We use ‘have‘ and ‘has‘ —

  • To talk about possession, like one’s property or something which is with a person or persons.

I have a smart phone.
You have a lot of books.
We have an own house.
They have a big car.
Shashank/He has a laptop.
Mary/She has a gold chain.
The dog/It has a collar.

  • To talk about something ‘what one holds in a relationship’.

I have a brother.
You have a grandfather.
We have many relatives in Delhi.
They have many well-wishers.
He has a cousin in US.
She has two daughters.
It/The dog has many puppies.

  • To talk about anything which means ‘as a part’.

I have five fingers.
He has two legs.
The house has two bedrooms.
The monkey has a long tail.
The flower has five parts.

  • To talk about actions related to ‘eating’ or ‘drinking’.

I have a cup of tea every morning.
They have breakfast at 8 o’clock.
He has butter milk after every meal.
The cat/It has milk every day.

  • To talk about an experience and also to refer to any kind of illness.

I have a tough time in office.
She has a good time with her friends.
I have a headache.
My daughter has fever.
Radha has arthritis.

  • To form the present perfect tense.

I have seen the film.
You have done a good job.
He has joined the university.
Meghna has sung a song.

Exercise: Write more sentences using the examples, which you can use in your day-to-day conversation and practice orally.

Positive and Negative Contracted forms with ‘have’ and ‘has’

Positive Form Negative Form Negative Contracted Form.
have have not haven’t
has has not hasn’t

Positive Contracted, Negative and Negative Contracted Forms of ‘have’ and ‘has’

Positive Form Positive Contracted Form Negative Form Negative Contracted Form
  I have
  You have
  We have
  They have
  He has
  She has
  It has
  I have not
  You have not
  We have not
  They have not
  He has not
  She has not
  It has not
  I haven’t
  You haven’t
  We haven’t
  They haven’t
  He hasn’t 
  She hasn’t
  It hasn’t

To make negative sentences we use “haven’t” or “don’t have”; “hasn’t” or “doesn’t have”.

I have a job.
I haven’t a job.
I don’t have a job.

You have an own house.
You haven’t an own house.
You don’t have an own house.

We have many relatives.
We haven’t many relatives in Hyderabad.
We don’t have many relatives in Hyderabad.

They have proper clothes.
They haven’t proper clothes.
They don’t have proper clothes.

He has a car.
He hasn’t a car.
He doesn’t have a car.

She has many friends.
She hasn’t many friends.
She doesn’t have many friends.

It has sharp teeth.
It hasn’t sharp teeth.
It doesn’t have sharp teeth.

Previous: Questions using ‘were’

Next: Use of ‘have to and ‘has to’

You can check the meanings of the words in English Oxford Living Dictionaries