TLP Spoken English Course

How to Speak English Fluently: Use of ‘do’ and ‘does’

Learn to speak English fluently using TLP Spoken English Course. The course is designed to facilitate self-learning in an easy way. To know more read: How to Use the Course Content? In the previous unit you have learnt to make ” Questions with ‘Had’” and in this unit you will learn the use of ‘do‘ and ‘does‘.

We use ‘do’ and ‘does’ both as main verbs and helping verbs to talk about the present. We use ‘do’ with ‘I’, ‘you’, ‘we’ and ‘they’ and ‘does’ with ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘it’ and name of a person.

We use ‘do‘ and ‘does‘–

  • To talk about an action with reference to performing a task, to carry out or to refer to completing some work.

I do exercises daily.
You do a perfect job.
We do meditation every day.
They do homework regularly.
He does business.
She does her work regularly.
Veena does gardening on Sundays.

1 2 3 4
do business
home work
once in a week.
every day.
in the morning.
on Sundays.

You can make sentences using the above table and also by substituting suitable words in column 3.

Sometimes ‘do’ is used twice in a sentence. This is in relation to some work activity. Such usage can come in negative sentences and also in questions.

I don’t do exercise daily.
They don’t do any work.
What do you do?
Do you do homework daily?          
Do they do yoga in the morning? 

  • To invite a person we use expressions like, ‘Do come’ and ‘Do visit’ when one wants to be friendly and polite.

Do come in.
Do come to the party.
Do visit us when you come to Hyderabad.

For emphasis, we use ‘do’ and ‘does’ with a main verb to show that we feel strongly about. ‘what we are saying’.

I do play cricket regularly.
You do bat well.
We do come here daily.
They do work hard.
He does eat often.
She does play chess.
It does perform well.

Positive, Negative and Negative Contrasted Forms of ‘do’, ‘does’ and ‘doesn’t’
Positive Form Negative Form Negative Contracted Form.
do do not don’t
does does not doesn’t
did did not didn’t (pronounced as ‘dint’)

Use of ‘don’t and doesn’t’

To make negative sentences we can use ‘don’t’ and ‘doesn’t’.

I don’t play in the evening.
You don’t trouble others.
We dont’ work on Sundays.
They don’t know English.
He doesn’t work hard.
She doesn’t do a good job.
The dog/It doesn’t bite.

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Next: Use of ‘Did’